Technology Landscape on Ventilators – Designs & Risks

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Hospitals around the world are grappling with COVID-19. Key to this challenge is making sure our hospitals have the equipment to treat people with respiratory problems. In this context, ventilators are pivotal pieces of medical equipment. But there are not enough ventilators for the projected number of people who may become ill. While engineering firms could consider switching some manufacturing to help ramp production of the vital equipment, state of the art ventilators will still take too long to manufacture. That’s why we’re looking to emerging markets for Rapidly Manufactured Ventilation Systems (RMVS).

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This report contains specification for the Rapid Manufactured Ventilator System (RMVS). A ventilator is a machine that provides mechanical ventilation by moving breathable air into and out of the lungs, to deliver breaths to a patient who is physically unable to breathe, or breathing, or breathing insufficiently.[4] But in today’s time, the demand for the machine has overwhelmingly exceed the supply. Therefore, innovators are looking for ways to manufacture a functional ventilator in short period of time that also meet the clinical standards.

There have been several designs that are quite functional and very easy to manufacture based on simply principle like Bag Valve Mask (BVM). A BVM is a most basic device that can be useful to treat the patient in initial stages. However, it becomes dangerous for rather more serious cases. A BVM, sometimes known by the proprietary name Ambu bag or generically as a manual resuscitator or “self-inflating bag”, is a hand-held device commonly used to provide positive pressure ventilation to patients who are not breathing or not breathing adequately.[6]  A lot of designs were later made based on this BVM principle by replacing mechanical function from Human effort to robotic arms.

This design however fulfills the needs at principal level but fails at functional level and thus, clinically, it is not recommended as a replacement of a common ventilator. Therefore, there are several other designs that are developed and are shown in this Technology Landscape report.


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Sponsored by: Gridlogics Technologies


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